Tuesday, July 14, 2015

Languages of Monvesia

Gothic alphabet
Common Script [Gothic alphabet] in the Honderreich

Standard Languages

The following are the equivalents of the "Standard Languages" outlined in the Player's Handbook.
  • Common Languages of Prace - There are six (6) common [ie. human] languages, one for each human culture; all Common languages share the same basic script (though each may have a few alternate letters of its own).
      • Human characters, (but not including half-human and planetouched) should select two common languages at first level--one representing their culture of origin, and one other.
      • Other characters should select one common language, generally representing the nearest human population; for half-humans and planetouched, this represents their culture of origin.
      • All player characters in a single party should share at least one language (though this does not have to be a common language).
    • Cuorrian ("Central Common") - spoken by Romance/Latinate people of the central river region, many elves, some halflings, some goliaths [aka. “Herzlander”]
    • Galtish ("Western Common") - spoken by Celtic people of the northwest region, some gnomes, some rakasta [aka. “Galtannian” or “Galtlander”]
    • Honderreicher ("Northern Common") - spoken by Germanic people of the northern region, some dwarves, some halflings, some rakasta, some gnomes [aka. “Ondrian”]
    • Notopolitan ("Southern Common") - spoken by Hellenic people of the southern region, some goliaths [aka. “Notopian”]
    • Veldi ("Desert Common") -  spoken by Persian people of the western region, some rakasta [aka. “Baldian”]
    • Voztokny ("Eastern Common") - spoken by Slavonic people east of the river region, some dwarves , some goliaths, [aka. “Tsarish” or “Tsarian” or “Tzarlander”]

Georgian Nuskhuri (ⴌⴓⴑⴞⴓⴐⴈ) alphabet
Dwarvish Script [Georgian Nuskhuri alphabet]

  • Non-Human Languages of Prace
    • Dwarf-Kin Languages
      • Dwarvish - spoken by dwarves; written with the dwarvish script
        • Dverg - dialect spoken in the Dvergheim Mountians
        • Duergar - dialect spoken beneath the Crown
        • Korobokuru - dialect spoken in Fuhon
      • Gnomish - spoken by gnomes (similar to dwarvish); written with a variant of the dwarvish script
      • Neanderthaler - spoken by neanderthals (similar to dwarvish); written with a variant of the dwarvish script
    • Elvish - spoken by elves; written with the elvish script
      • Haltia - dialect spoken in Prace
      • Hulder - dialect spoken in Xahaca
    • Goliath - spoken by goliaths; written with the goliath script  [equivalent to giant]
    • Halfling - spoken by halflings (similar to gnollish); written with the common or rakasta script
    • Rakasta - spoken by rakasta; written with the rakasta script

  • Non-Human Languages of Henjal (inc. Fuhon)
    • Fuhongo - a pidgin of the hengeyokai, nezumi, and kenku languages; spoken as a trade (common) language in Fuhon and nearby regions of Raviq and Henjal; written in the Fuhonese script
    • Hathi - spoken by elephant-folk; written in the hathi script
    • Hengeyokai - spoken by shifters; written in the Fuhonese script
    • Lizardfolk - spoken by lizardfolk; written in the draconic script
    • Naga - spoken by the serpentfolk and naga; written in the draconic script
    • Nezumi - spoken by ratfolk; written in the Fuhonese script
    • Kenku - spoken by kenku; written in the Fuhonese script
    • Vanara - spoken  by vanara; written in the vanara script

  • Non-Human Languages of Raviq 
    • Dogfolk - spoken by dogfolk; written in the dogfolk script
    • Minotaur - spoken by minoaurs; written in the minotaur script

  • Tainted Languages - The process that taints a humanoid also connects them to a collective unconscious that imparts knowledge of a shared language; all tainted languages are written in a tainted script
    • Goblin - spoken by bugbears, goblins, and hobgoblins in Prace
    • Orcish - spoken by orcs, ogres and trolls in Prace
    • Gnollish - spoken by gnolls and boggarts in Prace

Székely-Hungarian Rovás
Székely-Hungarian Rovás numerals
Elvish Script [Hungarian runes]

Exotic Languages

The following are the equivalents of the "Exotic Languages" outlined in the Player's Handbook.

Writing from the Voynich manuscript
Planar Script (Voynich manuscript writing)

  • Outsider Languages - All outsiders speak mutually unintelligible dialects of the ancient source of all language; but they do all share the same Planar script.  These are also used as liturgical languages by clerics of the philosophical temperaments.
    • Aquan - spoken by [non-lawful, non-chaotic] inhabitants of the Hydrosphere, elementals and divinities [equivalent to Primordial]
    • Auran - spoken by [non-good, non-evil] inhabitants of the Aerosphere, elementals and divinities [equivalent to Primordial]
    • Ignan - spoken by [chaotic] inhabitants of the Pyrosphere, elementals and divinities [equivalent to Abyssal, Primordial]
    • Luman - spoken by [good] inhabitants of the Hierosphere, elementals and divinities [equivalent to Celestial, Primordial]
    • Terran - spoken by [lawful] inhabitants of the Lithosphere, elementals and divinities [equivalent to Infernal, Primordial]
    • Vacuan - spoken by [evil] inhabitants of the Necrosphere, elementals and divinities [equivalent to Abyssal, Infernal]
  • Major Monster Languages
    • Abyssal - spoken by aberrations; written in the planar script [equivalent of Deep Speech] 
    • Doppelish - spoken by doubles; written in the planar script or in any mirrored mortal script.
    • Draconic - spoken by dragons; written in the draconic script
    • Empyreal - spoken by celestials; written in the planer script [equivalent of Celestial]
    • Faerie - spoken by fey and awakened animals; written in the planar or elvish script [equivalent of Sylvan]
    • Infernal - spoken by fiends; written in the planer script [equivalent to Abyssal, Infernal]
    • Anachronistic Languages
      • Inevitable - spoken by modrons, invariables, and warforged
      • Slaadi - spoken by slaadi
    • NOTE: Thoughtforms and undead speak mortal languages appropriate to their creation.  Both may "speak" using non-language-based psychic communication.
  • Secret Languages
    • Druidic
    • Thieves' Cant

Edited July 15, 2015; August 28, 2015; July 19, 2017; March 24, 2018; August 26, 2018; September 15, 2018; June 4, 2019.

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